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SW4STM32 and SW4Linux fully supports the STM32MP1 asymmetric multicore Cortex/A7+M4 MPUs

   With System Workbench for Linux, Embedded Linux on the STM32MP1 family of MPUs from ST was never as simple to build and maintain, even for newcomers in the Linux world.
And, if you install System Workbench for Linux in System Workbench for STM32 you can seamlessly develop and debug asymmetric applications running partly on Linux, partly on the Cortex-M4.
You can get more information from the ac6-tools website and download two short videos (registration required) highlighting:

System Workbench for STM32


Bootloader Erased when Application is programmed

There are a couple of threads that end with the poster saying that their bootloader is being erased when the applications is programmed. I hope that by starting a new post, we can get this issue resolved.

If I program the bootloader and run it, it works fine. When I program the application using the SystemWorkbench Run command it overwrites the bootloader with the elf file header information. Re-programming the bootloader again, and everything works fine.

If I have the debugger loaded, and I run the debugger, then everything works fine.

I did another experiment, I programmed the bootloader and using the ST-Link Utility I protected sectors 0 & 1. When I tried to program the application, I get an error that OpenOCD could not erase sectors 0 & 1 when the program clearly, according to the map file, starts in sector 2 (0x08008000).

This looks to me as an OpenOCD configuration problem, so I made some bootloader version of the OpenOCD configuration files and modified the base address of the flash bank command. No change.

I am out of ideas on how to fix this. Has anyone gotten this work?

Hi

If the command would be like

openocd -f user.cfg -c "program filename.bin verify reset exit 0x08004000"


there would be no elf header.

Dieter


Dieter,

Great input. How do I configure the SystemWorkbench Run Configuration to generate that command to openocd? I want to be lazy and just click the run button.


If you change your linker configuration file (normally called LinkerScript.ld) to omit from the ROM memory section the portion of program space used by your bootloader, the ELF loader will not erase or overwrite those portions of the ROM/FLASH that have been excluded.

Here’s what the MEMORY defintion inside LinkerScript.ld looks like by default for the STM32F091RC:
(128K FLASH, 32K RAM)

MEMORY
{
  RAM (rwx)     : ORIGIN = 0x20000000, LENGTH = 32K
  ROM (rx)      : ORIGIN = 0x08000000, LENGTH = 128K
}


The modified version below shows what you’d need to do if you wanted to reserve the first 32K of program FLASH space for a bootloader:

MEMORY
{
  RAM (rwx)     : ORIGIN = 0x20000000, LENGTH = 32K
  ROM (rx)      : ORIGIN = 0x08008000, LENGTH = 96K
}


Note how the ROM start address was increased by 0x8000 from 0x0800_0000 to 0x0800_8000, and the LENGTH reduced from 128K to 96K.

When you do a debug or run, or use the project explorer right-click context menu “Target” option to program your code when built using the modified MEMORY definition shown above, the first 32K of program FLASH should be left unchanged.

At the section level, it is possible to omit parts from being loaded/flashed by using the NOLOAD modifier in the section declaration in the linker config file. The example below shows what I did to allocate a 2K page of program FLASH for non-volatile parameter variable storage:

MEMORY
{
  RAM (rwx)     : ORIGIN = 0x20000000, LENGTH = 32K
  ROM (rx)      : ORIGIN = 0x08000000, LENGTH = 126K
  P_FLASH (rw)  : ORIGIN = 0x0801F800, LENGTH = 2K
}

. . . 

 /*
  Non-volatile parameter data in FLASH
  Note - from GNU toolchain documentation:
  The (NOLOAD) directive will mark a section to not be loaded at run time.
  The linker will process the section normally, but will mark it so that 
  a program loader will not load it into memory.
  */ 

  .param_flash (NOLOAD) :
  {
    . = ALIGN(0x800);
    __param_flash_start = .;
    *(.param_flash)
    *(.param_flash*)
    . = ALIGN(4);
    __param_flash_end = .;
  } >P_FLASH


In the C source, you’d declare a variable to be located in this section like this:

param_t param_flash __attribute__ ((section (".param_flash"),used));


I won’t go into more detail on how to create NV variable storage here... there’s more to it than what I’ve shown here. I bring it up only to demonstrate how one can use the NOLOAD section modifier to instruct the linker/loader to exclude otherwise ROMable sections from a program load.

I can not follow what you are telling us. The elf file is an image which contains information how to load the structure of the executeable to the location from where it gets executed.
Here we have the problem, that a flash programmer, openocd in this case, programs the elf header itself to flash memory. There is nothing wrong with the generation of the elf file.

The application is already relocated above the bootloader:

from STM32F103CBTx_FLASH.ld:

MEMORY
{
RAM (xrw)      : ORIGIN = 0x20000000, LENGTH = 20K
FLASH (rx)      : ORIGIN = 0x8004000, LENGTH = 112K
/* FLASH (rx)      : ORIGIN = 0x8000000, LENGTH = 128K */
}


from system_stm32f1xx.c:

#define VECT_TAB_OFFSET  0x4000
//#define VECT_TAB_OFFSET  0x0 /*!< Vector Table base offset field. This value must be a multiple of 0x200. */


A look into the elf file:

objdump -x /array_data01/STM32-34/mini-sys/Debug/mini-sys.elf

/array_data01/STM32-34/mini-sys/Debug/mini-sys.elf:     file format elf32-littlearm
/array_data01/STM32-34/mini-sys/Debug/mini-sys.elf
architecture: arm, flags 0x00000112:
EXEC_P, HAS_SYMS, D_PAGED
start address 0x0800da45

Program Header:
    LOAD off    0x00000000 vaddr 0x08000000 paddr 0x08000000 align 2**16
         filesz 0x00012e88 memsz 0x00012e88 flags rwx
    LOAD off    0x00020000 vaddr 0x20000000 paddr 0x08012e88 align 2**16
         filesz 0x000003f0 memsz 0x000024dc flags rw-
    LOAD off    0x000224dc vaddr 0x200024dc paddr 0x08013278 align 2**16
         filesz 0x00000000 memsz 0x00000604 flags rw-
private flags = 5000200: [Version5 EABI] [soft-float ABI]

Sections:
Idx Name          Size      VMA       LMA       File off  Algn
  0 .isr_vector   0000010c  08004000  08004000  00004000  2**0
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, DATA
  1 .text         0000c4a4  08004110  08004110  00004110  2**3
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, CODE
  2 .rodata       000028c0  080105b8  080105b8  000105b8  2**3
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, DATA
  3 .ARM          00000008  08012e78  08012e78  00012e78  2**2
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, DATA
  4 .init_array   00000004  08012e80  08012e80  00012e80  2**2
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, DATA
  5 .fini_array   00000004  08012e84  08012e84  00012e84  2**2
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, DATA
  6 .data         000003f0  20000000  08012e88  00020000  2**2
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, DATA
  7 .bss          000020ec  200003f0  08013278  000203f0  2**3
                  ALLOC
  8 ._user_heap_stack 00000604  200024dc  08013278  000224dc  2**0
                  ALLOC
  9 .ARM.attributes 0000002b  00000000  00000000  000203f0  2**0
                  CONTENTS, READONLY
 10 .debug_info   0002281d  00000000  00000000  0002041b  2**0
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
 11 .debug_abbrev 0000654b  00000000  00000000  00042c38  2**0
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
 12 .debug_loc    0000ff9f  00000000  00000000  00049183  2**0
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
 13 .debug_aranges 00001670  00000000  00000000  00059128  2**3
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
 14 .debug_ranges 00001b80  00000000  00000000  0005a798  2**3
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
 15 .debug_macro  00022e2f  00000000  00000000  0005c318  2**0
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
 16 .debug_line   0001e9be  00000000  00000000  0007f147  2**0
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
 17 .debug_str    000a08d6  00000000  00000000  0009db05  2**0
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
 18 .comment      0000006e  00000000  00000000  0013e3db  2**0
                  CONTENTS, READONLY
 19 .debug_frame  000049a8  00000000  00000000  0013e44c  2**2
                  CONTENTS, READONLY, DEBUGGING
SYMBOL TABLE:
08004000 l    d  .isr_vector    00000000 .isr_vector
...

Hi

Finally found here a solution which works for me:
https://www.tablix.org/~avian/blog/archives/2012/11/gnu_linker_and_elf_program_header/Question

While in application project

Goto Project -> Properties -> C/C++ Build -> Settings -> Tab "Tool Settings" -> MCU GCC Linker -> klick add symbol for "Other options (-XLinker [option]" -> write --nmagic


The objdump -x produces this output now:

/array_data01/STM32-34/mini-sys/Debug/mini-sys.elf:     file format elf32-littlearm
/array_data01/STM32-34/mini-sys/Debug/mini-sys.elf
architecture: arm, flags 0x00000012:
EXEC_P, HAS_SYMS
start address 0x0800fb61

Program Header:
    LOAD off    0x00000098 vaddr 0x08004000 paddr 0x08004000 align 2**3
         filesz 0x000110d8 memsz 0x000110d8 flags rwx
    LOAD off    0x00011170 vaddr 0x20000000 paddr 0x080150d8 align 2**3
         filesz 0x00000408 memsz 0x00002db8 flags rw-
    LOAD off    0x00011578 vaddr 0x20002db8 paddr 0x080154e0 align 2**0
         filesz 0x00000000 memsz 0x00000600 flags rw-
private flags = 5000200: [Version5 EABI] [soft-float ABI]

Sections:
Idx Name          Size      VMA       LMA       File off  Algn
  0 .isr_vector   0000010c  08004000  08004000  00000098  2**0
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, DATA
  1 .text         0000e5c8  08004110  08004110  000001a8  2**3
                  CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, CODE
...


Dieter


Dieter,

Thank you. Adding the -nmagic to the linker command works great!